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Ocean Literacy Framework
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The Ocean Literacy Framework comprises the Ocean Literacy Guide, the more detailed Ocean Literacy Scope and Sequence for Grades K–12, and the Alignment of Ocean Literacy Framework to the NGSS.

Ocean Literacy GuideThe Ocean Literacy Guide describes the 7 most important ideas, or Essential Principles, about the ocean that all students should understand by the end of high school. The Essential Principles are supported and explained by 45 Fundamental Concepts. The Scope and Sequence then provides educators with guidance as to what students need to comprehend in Grades K–2, Grades 3–5, Grades 6–8, and Grades 9–12 in order to achieve full understanding of the Essential Principles. These progressions show how students’ thinking about the ocean may develop in ever more complex ways across many years of thoughtful, coherent science instruction. The Scope and Sequence, represented in a series of conceptual flow diagrams that include cross-references, also shows how concepts about the ocean are interconnected.


NMEA Special Report 3The Ocean Literacy Scope and Sequence for Grades K–12 was developed through an extensive, iterative process from 2006-2010, led by the Center for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence (COSEE) California with additional support from COSEE West at University of Southern California. Over 150 members of the ocean sciences education community contributed to the final document. The Scope and Sequence was published by the National Marine Educators Association (NMEA) in March 2010 as NMEA Special Report #3 on the Ocean Literacy Campaign.


OL-NGSS Alignment 3-5Alignment of Ocean Literacy Framework to the NGSS documents describe the different relationships between the Ocean Literacy Principles and the Disciplinary Core Ideas that comprise the Next Generation Science Standards using a 4-point rating scale and include a description for each rating.


Please see the “Honor Roll” at www.oceanliteracy.net for names of individuals who contributed to the development and review processes.

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